The Code of Conduct 2018 is expected to clarify many issues in the field of labor export. Photo: DOLAB
The country has about 300 enterprises involved in labor export and up to 120,000 laborers per year. However, with the achievements, the risky situation, poor training, high costs cause many consequences.
The Vietnam Association of Labor Exporters (VAMAS) published the Code of Conduct 2018 (COC-VN) set many expectations for the real prosperity in the coming time.
In 2017, the country has created jobs for 1.5 million people, of which more than 300 enterprises providing services to send workers abroad have brought 134,000 workers to work in Foreigners account for nearly 10% of the total employment. However, at the conference announcing COC-VN, information from delegates said that our country’s laborers to work abroad is paying the highest cost among labor sending countries in Southeast Asia. In addition, only 3% of employees are able to apply new skills after returning home.
Dr. Chang-Hee Lee, Director of the ILO Vietnam Office, said that migrant workers contribute significantly to the economic development of Vietnam through the large amount of money transferred to the country but there are still many challenges in ensuring the contribution of migrant workers to development. Encouraging businesses to make their own regulations to improve the business of selective firms, especially as migrant workers from Vietnam continue to increase in the context of economic integration. wide area in ASEAN.
Mr. Chang-Hee Lee expects the implementation of COC-VN 2018 will focus on addressing the challenges and discrimination faced by migrant workers. The ILO also encourages businesses to take measures to reduce costs for employees and towards a “no fee” model in the spirit of the 1997 Convention on Private Employment Services.
Meanwhile, according to VAMAS, the number of enterprises participating in COC-VN, though only accounted for 34% of the total number of enterprises licensed to provide services to send workers to work abroad, has brought nearly 70%. Percentage of Vietnamese laborers going to work overseas in 2017.
Correct business does not need this Code
Mr. Lam Xuan Loc – Director of Construction, Human Resources and Import-Export Corporation (TAMAX) – said that this company has joined the COC since 2017. “According to the guidance of VAMAS, we investigate again content to complete. The regulatory framework of the COC is almost a set of standards for enterprises to be more standardized. By completing regulations, the potential risks will be minimized but not easy to meet overnight. Meanwhile, if it is difficult to stand outside the enterprise will be eliminated.
Mr. Nguyen Luong Trao – Chairman of VAMAS – said that although COC-VN was quite comprehensive in 2010, there were some international conventions so COC-VN 2018 had to update. It is noteworthy that this COC-VN updates ILO standards and international norms, which are more about protecting women workers, especially sensitive sectors such as housework. This tool makes the responsibility of the business higher because the previous help family has not included the specific content, this time in detail. Accordingly, business access will see what should be avoided from the beginning to limit risks. “In fact, the long-standing problems have arisen from the laborers, some of them have gone to labor for some tens of millions to pay off debts, but not all enterprises do it right. If enterprises do the right thing, then probably do not need this COC “- he said.
Regarding the recent difficulties of the labor export sector, Trao said that these problems are due to three parties: workers, the state, enterprises. The best way is the state agencies try and approach the market, asymmetric renewal for real estate business to follow the market. In addition, the handling of violations in enterprises and workers must be transparent and fair. “There have been many cases of wrongdoing in many forms such as temporary suspension, withdrawal of licenses, but not nearly to the hands of the workers themselves. The state should do justice to create a playground who are responsible, “- he said Trao.
Regarding the monitoring mechanism, together with supervisory members of the VAMAS Association, the monitoring and evaluation process of the Code also includes the workers themselves, representatives of the Vietnam General Confederation of Labor, gender equality (MOLISA). Key sources of information for the proposed monitoring tool are: self-assessment, document review, field monitoring and reconciliation with the Monitoring and Evaluation Board. Price compliance of enterprises.
For information on labor export costs in Vietnam too high, Mr. Trao said that there should be a comprehensive comparison of fees. The fee may depend on the level of the employee, including his or her occupational skills, health, legal compliance, and refusal to escape. To do so, need cooperation from many sides: students, businesses. The fee is negotiated lower by the employer when the employee satisfies the qualification standards, skills, foreign languages and law enforcement.